By Debra Kirby
Flashbulb memory is a term first coined in 1977 by psychologists to describe the vivid, detailed and lasting memories triggered by experiencing or hearing news of traumatic events. Most people have a list of “flashbulb memories” that, depending on their age and location, might include the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor; the JFK, Bobby Kennedy, and MLK assassinations; the Challenger explosion; and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. People often say they can remember in sharp detail where they were, what they were doing, and sometimes even what they were wearing when news of the event broke.
One of the events on my flashbulb list occurred on January 27, 1967 when astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White and Roger Chaffee perished in the launch pad fire at Cape Canaveral.
9/11后发现的科学家的一个有趣的事物是，与其他存储器一样，闪光灯记忆也可能随着时间和/或包括不准确而褪色。这是如此，为了纪念50年周年纪念日，似乎是刷新我对我最喜欢的大风数据库之一的事件的理解似乎很好金宝搏彩票,Science In Context,where I found a detailed account of the tragedy as well as a wealth of information I had either forgotten or never knew, including some of the facts that follow this brief summary.
在他们的Apollo命令模块的常规地面测试和训练锻炼期间，这三个宇航员被杀。虽然火灾的确切原因保持不确定，但它可能开始使用较差的布线设计和安装引起的电弧。宇航员没有抑制火灾的设备，并且无法在火灾闪耀之前经过的短时间内打开六螺栓逃脱舱口。测试后来更名为阿波罗I.in honor of the crew.
- Following a series of mechanical problems, the flight date had already been postponed. The astronauts, themselves, expressed concerns, and in fact Grissom gained media attention when he placed a lemon on the capsule.
- One irony of the Apollo accident was that Grissom, White, and Chaffee’s workday was scheduled to end with a test of the new six-bolt escape hatch, which had replaced the quick-release, explosively charged hatch that had been used on both Mercury and Gemini spacecraft, but which in 1961 had been blamed for prematurely blowing and almost sinking Grissom and his Mercury Liberty Bell 7 when he landed in the Atlantic Ocean.
- TheApollo 11astronauts left an阿波罗I.在世界历史上首次在月球上降落后，任务补丁。Lunar craters, Martian hills (Grissom Hill, Chaffee Hill, and White Hill), and three stars (Navi, backwards of “Ivan,” Grissom’s middle name; Regor, backwards of Roger [Chaffee]; and Dnoces, (backwards of “second,” or II, for Edward H White II) have been named for these three astronauts.
¹“我宇航员阿波罗。”Space Sciences，由Pat Dasch，Macmillan参考美国，2009年编辑。Science in Context,link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2210047780/SCIC?u=gale&xid=43930be2. Accessed 24 Jan. 2017.